Most simple cysts of 4cm or smaller, with no symptoms, can be treated with just regular scans every 4-6 months. A study (Frayman 2019) of 2410 women with ovarian cysts followed up over 2 years, showed:
Some blood cysts and cysts of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) can be treated with hormones like progestogen or birth control pills.
Ovarian cyst from Endometriosis may take up to 12 months of medical treatment to shrink by 1-2cm.
Surgery for ovarian cyst is needed when :
It is now common practice to remove ovarian cysts through Laparoscopic Keyhole Surgery, known as Laparoscopic Cystectomy.
In selected cases, Single Incision Laparoscopy can be done with Just One Cut of a 3cm incision at the belly button. The small cut heals into a scar that is barely noticeable.
Single Incision Laparoscopy brings to you the benefits of fewer abdominal cuts and injury, less pain, faster recovery and excellent aesthetic result.
Anthony Siow is a pioneer in Single Incision Laparoscopy. He is among the few in the region to have done more than 400 cases.
For very large cysts, open surgery known as Laparotomy, will be needed. Laparotomy is also needed when the ovarian cyst is found to be cancerous.